Core Elements to Manage Health and Safety
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Core Elements to Manage Health and Safety

Laws enforce Organizations to put in place suitable arrangements to manage for health and safety. Today we provide simple framework to help you do that effectively. That framework described is universal but how far action is needed will depend on the size and nature of your organization, and the risks from its activities, products or services.

Whatever your industry, or the size or nature of your organization, the keys to effectively managing for health and safety are:

  • Leadership and management
  • Competent [ Trained/Skilled ] workforce
  • Good/healthy environment [ employees are trusted and involved ]

      a) Legal duties

As a minimum, you should have the processes and procedures required to meet the legal requirements, including:

  • Written health and safety policy
  • Assessments of the risks to:
    employees, contractors, customers, and
    people who could be affected by your activities
  • Effective planning, control, monitoring and review control measures
  • Assign competent health and safety advisor
  • Share information about the risks with employees
  • Instruction and training [ Evacuation Drill ]
  • Adequate and appropriate supervision in place
  • Consulting with employees about their risks


       b) Risk assessment

your organization will have its own risk assessment. This is the starting point for determining the greatest health and safety issues. sometimes the risks will be tangible and immediate safety hazards, sometimes the risks may be health-related invisible for long time before illness becomes apparent

generally, the risk assessment covers 4 points:

  • The nature of hazards
  • The risks of these hazards
  • Evaluate each type of risk
  • Available control measures to manage those risks


       c) Leaders and top managements

Leaders, at all levels, need to understand the range of health and safety risks in their part of the organization and to give proportionate attention to each of them. This applies to the level of detail and effort put into assessing the risks, implementing controls, supervising and monitoring.

Managers shall include health and safety in the processes, set out health and safety responsibilities of key people set out like [ Who setting policy and standards? Who monitors performance? ], ensure health and safety information is communicated effectively, and review health and safety performance


      d) Competent advisor and individuals

Mentioned earlier Management of Health and Safety require an employer to appoint one or more competent advisor to help implementing required legal measures. The competent advisor should focus on the significant risks and those with serious consequences.

Meanwhile competent individuals complete the process, as when managers, supervisors, other employees or contractors are competent with health and safety issues they facilitate ensuring recognition of risks in their activities and can easily apply the right measures to control and manage those risks

Written Policy

e) Standard Management approach

‘Plan, Do, Check, Act’ is the modern standard model of managing health and safety which treats health and safety management as an integral part of good management generally, rather than as a stand-alone system

      e.1 ) PLAN

  • Think about where you are now and where you need to be.
  • Decide what you want to achieve,
  • Decide who will be responsible for what,
  • how you will achieve your aims,
  • How you will measure your success.
  • Look for leading indicators as well as lagging indicators.
  • Consider emergencies in your plan

Luck Is Not a Safeguard

– Safety Advisor

      e.2) DO

  • Assessing risks in the workplace
  • Who it could harm and how
  • Set control measures to manage the risk
  • Define priorities and biggest risks
  • Organize your activities to deliver your plan
  • Provide adequate resources [ right tools and equipment to do the job ]
  • Implement preventive and protective measures
  • Train and instruct
  • Provide Supervision


      e.3) CHECK

  • Assess how well the risks are controlled
  • Periodic formal audits
  • Investigate the causes of accidents, incidents or near misses


      e.4) ACT

  • Review your performance by Learn from accidents and incidents, ill-health data, errors
  • Take action on lessons learned, including from audit and inspection reports



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